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Black pepper and white pepper are made from the Piper nigrum plant.
Black pepper is ground from dried, whole unripe fruit. White pepper is
ground from dried, ripe fruit that has had the outer layer removed. The
black pepper and white pepper powder are used to make medicine.
People take black pepper for stomach upset, bronchitis, and cancer. They take white pepper for stomach upset, malaria, cholera, and cancer.
Black pepper is sometimes applied directly to the skin for treating nerve pain (neuralgia) and a skin disease called scabies. Black pepper and white pepper are also used topically as a counter-irritant for pain.
In foods and beverages, black pepper, white pepper, and pepper oil (a product distilled from black pepper) are used as flavoring agents